Home Remedies for Low Blood Sugar or Diabetic Hypoglycemia – Having diabetes means you need to be extra careful about your diet, lifestyle and medicines. If you take too much insulin and skip meals or are involved in rigorous physical activities. The situation can lead to low blood sugar or diabetic hypoglycemia.
Diabetic hypoglycemia (blood sugar less than 70 mg/dL) should be treated instantly. Otherwise, you may need to face serious consequences like the loss of consciousness, seizure or, coma or death in severe cases. Diabetic hypoglycemia is also known as insulin shock or insulin reaction.
In the article, we are going to share a complete diabetic hypoglycemia guide, its symptoms, causes, preventions and home remedies to naturally cure hypoglycemia.
Causes of Low Blood Sugar or Diabetic Hypoglycemia
When you take food, your body breaks it into carbohydrates. Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas, helps to process these carbohydrates (sugar or glucose) and get energy from them. If your body does not have enough sugar and insulin is more than the necessary level. It may cause diabetic hypoglycemia.
Diabetic hypoglycemia can occur to the people having Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes and are using insulin injection or oral medications. However, a person with type 1 diabetes may face mild hypoglycemia frequently, almost 2 times a week. The untreated or mishandled hypoglycemia can result in serious conditions.
There may be several causes that can lead to diabetic hypoglycemia or low blood sugar
The most common reason for diabetic hypoglycemia is not taking a sufficient amount of carbohydrates. If you do not manage the amount of insulin according to the quantity of food taken. This can proceed to insulin reaction or low blood sugar.
Another factor that should be taken care of is the composition of the food. The liquid food quickly absorbs into the body and solid food takes some time, according to its composition (Level of carbs, fats, proteins or fibres).
The other reasons may be drinking alcohol with empty stomach or missing schedule of your meal or eating less, taking too much insulin.
Losing weight without proper doctor’s consultation or a recommended diet plan may also lead to hypoglycemia.
Rigorous Physical Activities
Doing vigorous exercise or intense physical activities may also cause diabetic hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. The condition is common in the kids with the Type 1 diabetes. You should take care of the timing of exercise or physical activities.
According to observations, most of the children faced diabetic hypoglycemia after one hour of rigorous exercise. In the same way, the timing of your exercise could also be the reason, especially when you were previously low on blood sugar.
Misuse of Medicines
Taking too much or the wrong type of insulin or injecting insulin into muscles instead of injecting under the skin may lead to low blood sugar. The use of certain medicines (like quinine) or medical conditions (like hepatitis or kidney problems) can also be the reason for low blood glucose or hypoglycemia.
Symptoms and Signs of Low Blood Sugar or Hypoglycemia
People mostly do not know when they are experiencing low blood sugar or diabetic hypoglycemia. Some of the symptoms or sign of mild or moderate hypoglycemia are
>> Trembling, sweating and impatience
>> State of confusion, headache, dizziness or drowsiness
>> Weakness and loss in strength
>> Blurry vision, lack of concentration or seizure
>> Numbness or prickling in the cheeks, lips or tongue
>> Increase in heartbeat or irregular heartbeat
>> Increase in stress level, anxiety
When the sugar level gets lower, your body activates your body immune system (release epinephrine) that results in an irregular heartbeat, trembling, sweating, irritability or anxiety.
The untreated hypoglycemia further leads to lack of focus, confusion, sleepiness, blurred vision, headaches or numbness. If the condition prolongs it may cause seizure, coma or death in rare cases.
Prevention of Low Blood Sugar or Hypoglycemia
>> Everybody has a different metabolic system and there can be multiple reasons behind the hypoglycemia for a diabetic. However, the most common of them that you need to take care of are:
>> Take a proper diet and design a meal plan with the help of your nutritionist. You need to take meals and diabetes medications by following a strict schedule.
>> Monitoring blood glucose regularly is the key to live a healthy life. If you monitor factors that are contributing to low blood sugar level, note them to identify the cause.
>> Check your glucose level after intense exercise or in the middle of the night or after physical activities to keep it under control.
>> Avoid consumption of alcohol with the empty stomach.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Diabetic Hypoglycemia
For a diabetic, the most important measure to stay healthy is to take care of his blood glucose level. You should have a blood glucose meter to monitor your blood sugar level regularly.
If you are having low blood sugar more often, then carefully monitor your activities, your diet and medications to identify the reason behind diabetic hypoglycemia.
The people face the problem, they should be well-prepared for instant treatment to avoid the critical condition. You should wear a medical bracelet, necklace or wallet card (to identify your blood glucose level) or regularly monitor your blood sugar.
Having a Glucagon kit (medication to raise blood sugar) can also be helpful to deal with the serious cases (if you pass out). People in your vicinity should be well-instructed to give you a Glucagon shot in an emergency. Speak to your doctor for details.
Note: Consult your doctor for the expert advice, they will probably run some tests to analyze the reason for low blood sugar and will prescribe treatment accordingly.
Home Remedies to Naturally Cure Low Blood Sugar
According to the American Diabetes Association, the mild to moderate level of hypoglycemia can be treated by using 15 – 15 rule. According to this rule, people are asked to take 15 grams of refined or readily digestible carbohydrates to elevate the blood sugar level and monitor it after 15 minutes. The process is repeated until your blood sugar reached at least 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L).
However, for the kids the amount of recommended carbohydrates varies, i.e. 6 g for infants, 8 g for toddlers, 10 g for young kids or may vary from person to person.
Here, we are listing some food that you can take are,
>> Half cup of pure juice or regular sugary soda
>> One tablespoon of sugar, corn syrup or honey
>> 4 or 5 saltine crackers
>> Glucose supplements or tablets (as per instructions)
>> Hard candies (3 – 4) or jelly beans (see the label to take recommended amount)
>> Drink pure juices, take snacks (having carbohydrates), 2 tablespoons of raisins or sweet candies and keep an eye on your blood glucose level. As high glycemic foods (up to 70 GI) raise your blood sugar instantly. Take them to maintain your blood glucose at the normal level.
Note: Chocolates or foods that absorb slowly, should not be used to treat the emergency condition. Consult your doctor for more specified instructions. Do not rely on your own and visit your doctor regularly if you want to avoid dangerous consequences.